Chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) has been highly appreciated for its beneficial health features already for ages. For thousands of years, this natural ‘black gold’ has been used as an everyday immune system enhancer and also for more serious illnesses. In particular, Chaga mushroom has been used to treat tumours.
There are over 1,5 million mushroom species growing on Earth, but we know only 1,5%. About 700 species are used for food and 400 species are known to have healing effects. Medicinal mushrooms have fascinated many scientists already for decades and they have been a matter of extensive research for the last few decades. The most prominent medicinal mushroom is known to be Penicillium notatum, the first antibiotic – penicillin – was extracted from this mushroom.
Chaga mushroom has also been called ‘the king of medicinal mushrooms’. The historical roots of using the Chaga mushroom reach to Russia and Siberia, where it was used to treat different illnesses already from the 16th century. Chaga has also been a part of Asian folk medicine for thousands of years. According to the Estonian Folk Medicine Botanic Database HERBA, Chaga has been used to treat around 20 illnesses and disorders throughout history.
“Loodustohter” veeb, 2013
“Eesti Ravimtaimed”, Raal A et al, 2018